Micro-donations Good things come in small packages

PSNwi16_2Donations to nonprofits plunged during the latest recession and have been edging their way to healthier levels ever since. But many contributors today can afford only small gifts in a still-tight economy. Enter the micro-donation.

Realizing the purpose
Micro-donations are often defined as gifts of an amount that a person wouldn’t think twice about spending. Their popularity has increased in the last several years, and no wonder. When money’s tight, individual donors may back away from a request to donate $200 or more to your organization. But donating $20 a month via an automatic checking account deduction may fit their budget, even though the total contribution will be larger. Micro-donations make giving doable for more people.

Also, younger people may be able now to afford only small donations, but as they progress through life they will likely be able to donate a lot more. Small contributions are a great way to draw them into your organization and start to build a relationship.

Large and small
Campaign organizers would love to get large, generous donations, but they don’t want to exclude the little guy either. Including wording in your fundraising material — such as “Every dollar counts” or “No donation is too small” — legitimizes the micro-gift.

This can help encourage donations from all donors, regardless of their financial resources. Also remember that donors with deeper pockets are usually contacted by multiple charities during fundraising campaigns. Micro-donations give the bigger donor an opportunity to contribute to a number of organizations. And a micro-donation from such a donor this year could even turn into a macro-donation in the future as the donor gets to know your organization.

Expressing thanks
While your organization might not consider a $15 or $30 gift “big,” it may be a significant contribution for the person making it. Thank micro-donors promptly and show them how you’re putting their money to work.

For example, a social service agency could inform donors that their $15 contribution paid for a Christmas toy for a needy child. A veterans association could list the everyday household items that were purchased for a vet with a $30 donation.

Substantiating the gift
If the micro-donation is made in cash, the donor will need a receipt from you to substantiate a tax deduction, no matter how small the donation.

Micro-donors who make their gifts via a check, credit card or payroll deduction don’t have to receive substantiation from your nonprofit to deduct the gift on their income tax return. But sending a letter of acknowledgment is another way to show your appreciation.

Successful efforts
Micro-donations are a necessary revenue stream for many not-for-profits. Your fundraising in this area can be successful when you realize the importance of small donations and the people who make them. •

Examine tools for online fundraising
If you need help securing micro-donations (and larger donations) online, many tools are available. Here are a few of them.

Software provider FirstGiving offers nonprofit donation software that lets you include fundraising on your own website. Its application programming interface (API) is a set of Web services that allows your organization to integrate a secure payment or donation processing system into your existing website or online store or onto a fundraising platform.

Software such as MobileCause can help secure micro-gifts with the ability to allow your donors to text to donate, help with special events registration, and assist in crowdfunding. Connect2give provides a low-cost opportunity to your donors to give by text.

DonorPerfect fundraising software helps nonprofits collect and streamline constituent data, target and analyze fundraising efforts, and manage comprehensive donations processing. The software can be tailored to meet the needs of nonprofits of any size.

Another provider, Blackbaud, offers “Luminate CRM,” a cloud-based system designed to meet the needs of larger nonprofits. The system is a full constituent relationship management package and provides online fundraising and direct marketing functions that incorporate mobile, social, email and direct mail channels.